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Cyprus Phones Cyprus Find Phones in Cyprus. Mobile Phones in Cyprus.

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Cyprus - Cyprus News How to dial to Cyprus? - Find Mobile Phones in Cyprus - Mobile Codes How to call to Cyprus? - Dialling Codes of Cyprus - Dial Code of Cyprus. Cyprus Codes Area Codes in Cyprus? City Codes of Cyprus. - Prefix of Cyprus. - How to dial to the cities in Cyprus? List of City Dial Codes of Cyprus. Cyprus Phone Services. Find phones in the cities in Cyprus. Phone in Cyprus - Cyprus Phone Numbers Cyprus Reverse Lookup. - Where can I find people in Cyprus? Use the white pages section to find phone numbers, address, names. Locate people in Cyprus. Search in Cyprus. Search phone numbers in Cyprus . Find telephone numbers in the phone guides of Cyprus. Yellow pages in Cyprus Yellow pages of Cyprus. Locate in Cyprus Business Directory. - Where to search business in Cyprus? The list of yellow pages in Cyprus can be used to find more information to locate for business and other professional services. Phone Numbers, Address and more. List with telephone numbers search services to find phone information about people or business. White pages in Cyprus White pages of Cyprus. People Find. Where to find people in Cyprus? How can I find people in Cyprus? - How can I find people in Cyprus? Use the list of telephones services to search phone numbers in Cyprus. : Where to search phones in Cyprus? - Use the list of mobile services to locate the phone operator and special dial codes for Cyprus. Maps of Cyprus Cyprus - - .:Cyprus - Asia Telephones - Where can I find people and Phone Numbers in Cyprus. Where to Search City Codes?. How to call to Mobile Phones? - International Dial Codes in Cyprus, Asia. Free Directory with yellow pages and white pages. How to dial to Cyprus? .:Cyprus - Asia Telephones Information - Where can I find people and Phone Numbers in Cyprus? Use our sections with a free Directory with yellow pages and white pages. Where to Search City Codes?. Use the area codes organized by country and city to find additional information for this asian country. How to dial to Cyprus? Use the dial codes in the . and International Dial Codes in Cyprus, Asia. How to call to Mobile Phones? - Find phone codes and mobile operators in your city. Cyprus Republic of Cyprus - Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία (Greek)
Kypriakí Dimokratía
Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti (Turkish / / Flag - Coat of arms Anthem:Ὕμνος εἰς τὴν Ἐλευθερίαν -
Ýmnos eis tīn Eleutherían
Hymn to Liberty Location of Cyprus (green)– — [Legend] Location of - Cyprus - ( green - ) -

– — [Legend - ] Capital
(and largest city) - Nicosia (Λευκωσία, Lefkoşa)
35°08′N - 33°28′E -  /  - 35.133°N 33.467°E -  / 35.133;33.467 - Official language(s) - Greek and Turkish - 1 ] - - Ethnic groups - 77% Greek, 18% Turkish, 5% other (2001 est.) - 2 ] - - Demonym - Cypriot Government - Presidential republic President - Dimitris Christofias Independence - from the United Kingdom Zürich and London Agreement - 19 February 1959 Proclaimed - 16 August 1960 EUaccession - 1 May 2004 Area Total - 9,251 km (167th)
3,572 sq mi Water (%) - negligible Population 1.1.2010 estimate - 870,000 - 3 ] - Density - 117/km (85th)
221/sq mi GDP (PPP) - 2009 estimate Total - $22.746 billion - 4 ] - Per capita - $28,544 - 4 ] - GDP (nominal) - 2009 estimate Total - $23.603 billion - 4 ] - Per capita - $29,619 - 4 ] - Gini (2005) - 29 (low - ) (19th HDI (2007) - - 0.914 - 5 ] - - (very high - ) (32nd Currency - Euro (EUR Time zone - EET (UTC+2 Summer (DST) - EEST (UTC+3 Drives on the - Right Internet TLD - .cy Calling code - 357 - Also the national anthem of Greece. - Before 2008, the Cypriot pound. - The .eu domain is also used, shared with other European Union member states. Cyprus (pronounced /ˈsaɪprəs/ - (/listen) ;Greek:Κύπρος - , Kýpros , IPA:ˈcipros - ;Turkish:Kıbrıs - ), officially the Republic of Cyprus (Greek:Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία - , Kypriakī́ Dīmokratía , IPA:cipriaˈci ðimokraˈtia - ;Turkish:Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti - ) is a Eurasianisland country in the Eastern Mediterranean, - 6 ] - - - 7 ] - - south of Turkey and west of Syria and Lebanon. It is the third largest island in the Mediterranean Sea and one of its most popular tourist destinations. An advanced, high-income economy with a very high Human Development Index, the Republic of Cyprus was a founding member of the Non-Aligned Movement until it joined the European Union on 1 May 2004. The earliest known human activity on the island dates back to around the 10th millennium BC. Archaeological remains from this period include the well-preserved Neolithic village of Choirokoitia (also known as Khirokitia), which has been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, along with the Tombs of the Kings. Cyprus is home to some of the oldest water wells in the world, - 14 ] - - and is the site of the earliest known example of felinedomestication. - 15 ] - - - 16 ] - - As a strategic location in the Middle East, - 17 ] - - - 18 ] - - - 19 ] - - - 20 ] - - Cyprus has been occupied by several major powers, including the empires of the Hittites, Assyrians, Egyptians, Persians, Rashiduns, Umayyads, Lusignans, Venetians and Ottomans.The island of Aphrotite was also controlled by their homogenous Ptolemais and Byzantines. In 333 B.C., Alexander the Great took over the island from the Persians. It was placed under British administration in 1878 until it was granted independence in 1960, - 21 ] - - becoming a member of the Commonwealth the following year. In 1974, following 11 years of intercommunal violence - 22 ] - - and an attempted coup d'état by Greek Cypriot nationalists, - 23 ] - - - 24 ] - - Turkey invaded and occupied the northern portion of the island. The intercommunal violence and subsequent Turkish invasion led to the displacement of hundreds of thousands of Cypriots and the establishment of a separate Turkish Cypriot political entity in the north. These events and the resulting political situation are matters of ongoing dispute. The Republic of Cyprus has de juresovereignty over the entire island of Cyprus and its surrounding waters except small portions that are allocated by treaty to the United Kingdom as sovereign military bases. The Republic of Cyprus is de facto partitioned into two main parts, the area under the effective control of the Republic of Cyprus, comprising about 59% of the island's area and the Turkish-occupied area in the north, - 25 ] - - calling itself the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, covering about 37% of the island's area and recognized only by Turkey. 1 - Toponymy - 2.1 - Ancient times - 2.2 - Middle Ages - 2.3 - Ottoman Empire - 2.4 - Modern History - 2.4.1 - Independence - 2.4.2 - Current dispute - 3 - Geography - 4 - Climate - 5 - Government - 5.1 - Districts - 5.2 - Exclaves and enclaves - 5.3 - Human rights - 6 - Military - 7 - Economy - 7.1 - Numismatics - 8 - Demographics - 8.1 - Genetics - 8.2 - Religion - 10.1 - Art - 10.2 - Music - 10.3 - Literature - 10.4 - Cuisine - 10.5 - Sports - 10.6 - Media - 10.7 - Churches - 11 - Infrastructure - 11.1 - Transportation - 11.2 - Telecommunications - 12 - International membership - 13 - International rankings - 14 - See also - 15 - References - 16 - Further reading - 17 - - Toponymy The name Cyprus has a somewhat uncertain toponymy. One suggestion is that it comes from the Greek word for the Mediterranean cypress tree (Cupressus sempervirens ), κυπάρισσος (kypárissos ), or even from the Greek name of the henna plant (Lawsonia alba ), κύπρος (kýpros ). Another school suggests that it stems from the Eteocypriot word for copper. Georges Dossin, for example, suggests that it has roots in the Sumerian word for copper (zubar ) or for bronze (kubar ), from the large deposits of copper ore found on the island. The earliest attested refer to Cyprus is the Mycenaean Greek ku-pi-ri-jo , meaning "Cypriot", written in Linear b syllabic script. - 26 ] - - Through overseas trade the island has given its name to the Classical Latin word for copper through the phrase aes Cyprium , "metal of Cyprus", later shortened to Cuprum . - 27 ] - - Cyprus is also known as the Island of Aphrodite , or Love - 28 ] - - since according to Phoenician mythology, Astarte, goddess of love and beauty, who was later identified with the Greek goddess Aphrodite, was born on the shores of Paphos. The standard demonym relating to Cyprus or its people or culture is Cypriot . The terms Cypriote and Cyprian are also, less frequently, used. - History History of Cyprus - Ancient times / / Temple to Apollon Ilatis outside the city of Limassol / / Kourion Theatre outside the city of Limassol Ancient history of Cyprus The earliest confirmed site of human activity on Cyprus is Aetokremnos, situated on the south coast, indicating that hunter-gatherers were active on the island from around 10,000 BC, - 29 ] - - with settled village communities dating from 8200 BC. The arrival of the first humans correlates with the extinction of the dwarf hippos and dwarf elephants. - 30 ] - - Water wells discovered by archaeologists in western Cyprus are believed to be among the oldest in the world, dated at 9,000 to 10,500 years old. - 14 ] - - Remains of an 8-month-old cat were discovered buried with its human owner at a separate Neolithic site in Cyprus. - 15 ] - - The grave is estimated to be 9,500 years old, predating ancient Egyptian civilization and pushing back the earliest known feline-human association significantly. - 16 ] - - The remarkably well-preserved Neolithic village of Choirokoitia (also known as Khirokitia) is a UNESCO World Heritage Site dating to approximately 6800 BC. The island was part of the Hittite empire during the late Bronze Age until the arrival of two waves of Greek settlement. - 32 ] - - The first wave consisted of Mycenaean Greek traders, which started visiting Cyprus around 1400 BC. A major wave of Greek settlement is believed to have taken place following the Bronze Age collapse of Mycenaean Greece in the period 1100–1050 BC, with the island's predominantly Greek character dating from this period. - 33 ] - - - 34 ] - - Cyprus occupies an important role in Greek mythology being the birthplace of Aphrodite and Adonis, and home to King Cinyras, Teucer and Pygmalion. - 35 ] - - Beginning in the 8th century BCPhoenician colonies were founded on the south coast of Cyprus, near present day Larnaca and Salamis. - 33 ] - - Cyprus was ruled by Assyria for a century starting in 708 BC, before a brief spell under Egyptian rule and eventually Persian rule in 545 BC. - 33 ] - - The Cypriots, led by Onesilos, king of Salamis, joined their fellow Greeks in the Ionian cities during the unsuccessful Ionian Revolt in 499 BC against the Achaemenid Empire. The revolt was suppressed without bloodshed, although Cyprus managed to maintain a high degree of autonomy and remained oriented towards the Greek world. - 33 ] - - The island was brought under permanent Greek rule by Alexander the Great and the Ptolemies of Egypt following his death. Full Hellenization took place during the Ptolemaic period, which ended when Cyprus was annexed by the Roman Republic in 58 BC. - Middle Ages Cyprus in the Middle Ages / / Catherine Cornaro, Queen of Cyprus. When the Roman Empire was divided into Eastern and Western parts in 395, Cyprus became part of the East Roman, or Byzantine Empire, and would remain part of it until the crusades some 800 years later. Under Byzantine rule, the Greek orientation that had been prominent since antiquity developed the strong Hellenistic-Christian character that continues to be a hallmark of the Greek Cypriot community. - 33 ] - - Beginning in 649, Cyprus suffered from devastating raids launched from the Levant, which continued from the next 300 years. - 33 ] - - Many were quick piratical raids, but others were large-scale attacks in which many Cypriots were slaughtered and great wealth carried off or destroyed. - 33 ] - - No Byzantine churches survive from this period, thousands were killed, and many cities, such as Salamis, were destroyed and never rebuilt. - 33 ] - - Byzantine rule was restored in 965, when General Nikephoros Phokas (later Emperor) scored decisive victories on land and sea. - 33 ] - - In 1191, during the Third Crusade, Richard I of England captured the island from Isaac Komnenos of Cyprus - 36 ] - - He used it as a major supply base that was relatively safe from the Saracens. A year later Richard sold the island to the Knights Templar, who, following a bloody revolt, in turn sold it to Guy of Lusignan. His brother and successor Amalric was recognized as King of Cyprus by Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor. - 33 ] - - Following the death in 1473 of James II, the last Lusignan king, the Republic of Venice assumed control of the island, while his Venetian widow, Queen Caterina Cornaro reigned as figurehead. Venice formally annexed Cyprus in 1489, following the abdication of Caterina. - 33 ] - - The Venetians fortified Nicosia by building the famous Venetian Walls, and used it as an important commercial hub. Throughout Venetian rule, the Ottoman Empire frequently raided Cyprus. In 1539 the Ottomans destroyed Limassol and so fearing the worst, the Venetians also fortified Famagusta and Kyrenia. - 33 ] - - During the almost four centuries of Latin rule, there existed two societies on Cyprus. The first consisted of Frankish nobles and their retinue, as well as Italian merchants and their families. The second, the majority of the population, consisted of Greek Cypriots serfs and laborers. Although a determined effort was made to supplant native traditions and culture, the effort failed. - 33 ] - - - Ottoman Empire Cyprus under the Ottoman Empire / / Historic map of Cyprus by Ottoman Empire's Kaptan Pasha, Piri Reis In 1570, a full scale Ottoman assault with 60,000 troops brought the island under Ottoman control, despite stiff resistance by the inhabitants of Nicosia and Famagusta. 20,000 Nicosians were put to death, and every church, public building, and palace was looted. - 37 ] - - The previous Latin elite was destroyed and the first significant demographic change since antiquity took place when Ottoman Janissaries were settled on the island. - 23 ] - - The Ottomans abolished the feudal system previously in place and applied the millet system to Cyprus, under which non-Muslim peoples were governed by their own religious authorities. In a reversal from the days of Latin rule, the head of the Church of Cyprus was invested as leader of the Greek Cypriot population and acted a mediator between Christian Greek Cypriots and the Ottoman authorities. - 37 ] - - Ottoman rule of Cyprus was at times indifferent, at times oppressive, depending on the temperaments of the sultans and local officials, and during this period the island fell into economic decline. - 37 ] - - Reaction to Ottoman misrule led to uprisings by both Greek and Turkish Cypriots, although none were successful. By 1872, the population of the island had risen to 144,000 comprising 44,000 Muslims and 100,000 Christians. - 38 ] - - Centuries of neglect by the Turks, the unrelenting poverty of most of the people, and the ever-present tax collectors fueled Greek nationalism, and by 19th century the idea of enosis , or union, with newly independent Greece was firmly rooted among Greek Cypriots. - 37 ] - - - Modern History Modern history of Cyprus In the aftermath of the Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878), administration, but not sovereignty, of the island was ceded to the British Empire in 1878 in exchange for guarantees that Britain would use the island as a base to protect the Ottoman Empire against possible Russian aggression. - 33 ] - - The island would serve Britain as a key military base in its colonial routes. By 1906, when the Famagusta harbour was completed, Cyprus was a strategic naval outpost overlooking the Suez Canal, the crucial main route to India which was then Britain's most important colony. Following the outbreak of World War I and the entry of the Ottoman Empire on the side of the Central powers, the United Kingdom annexed the island in 1914. - 33 ] - - In 1915, Britain offered Cyprus to Constantine I of Greece on condition that Greece join the war on the side of the British, which he declined. In 1923, under the Treaty of Lausanne, the nascent Turkish republic relinquished any claim to Cyprus and in 1925 it was declared a British Crown Colony. - 33 ] - - Many Greek Cypriots fought in the British Army during both World Wars, in the hope that Cyprus would eventually be united with Greece. - 39 ] - - During World War II many enlisted in the Cyprus Regiment. In January 1959, the Church of Cyprus organized a referendum, which was boycotted by the Turkish Cypriot community, where over 90% voted in favor of "enosis", meaning union with Greece. - 40 ] - - - 41 ] - - Restricted autonomy under a constitution was proposed by the British administration but eventually rejected. In 1955 the EOKA organisation was founded, seeking independence and union with Greece through armed struggle. At the same time the TMT, calling for Taksim, or partition, was established by the Turkish Cypriots as a counterweight. - 42 ] - - Turmoil on the island was met with force by the British. - Independence On August 16, 1960, Cyprus attained independence after an agreement in Zürich and London between the United Kingdom, Greece and Turkey. The UK retained the two Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia while government posts and public offices were allocated by ethnic quotas giving the minority Turks a permanent veto, 30% in parliament and administration, and granting the 3 mother-states guarantor rights. In 1963 inter-communal violence broke out, partially sponsored by both "motherlands" with Turkish Cypriots being forced into enclaves and Cypriot President Archbishop Makarios III calling for unilateral constitutional changes as a means to ease tensions over the whole island. The United Nations was involved and the United Nations forces in Cyprus (UNFICYP) deployed at flash points. In 1964, Turkey attempted to invade Cyprus - 44 ] - - in response to the ongoing Cypriot intercommunal violence, but was stopped by a strongly worded telegram from the U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson on June 5, 1964;who warned that the United States would not stand beside Turkey in case of a consequential Soviet invasion of Turkish territory. - 45 ] - - - Current dispute Greek military junta of 1967–1974 and Turkish invasion of Cyprus Following a coup d'état engineered by the Greek Junta, Turkey launched a full-scale military invasion of the island in 1974. The Turkish air force began bombing Greek positions on Cyprus, hundreds of paratroops were dropped in the area between Nicosia and Kyrenia, where well-armed Turkish Cypriot enclaves had been long-established, while off the Kyrenia coast 30 Turkish troop ships protected by destroyers landed 6,000 men as well as tanks, trucks, and armored vehicles. Three days later, when a ceasefire had been agreed, Turkey had landed 30,000 troops on the island and captured Kyrenia, the corridor linking Kyrenia to Nicosia, and the Turkish-Cypriot quarter of Nicosia. The junta in Athens, and then the Sampson regime in Cyprus fell from power. In Nicosia Glafkos Clerides assumed the presidency and constitutional order was restored;ostensibly removing the pretext the Turks gave for the invasion. The Turks used a period of negotiations to reinforce their Kyrenia bridgehead and prepare for the second phase of the invasion, which began on 14 August and resulted in the seizure of Morphou, Karpasia, Ammochostos and the Mesaoria. The Greek forces were unable to resist the Turkish advance. International pressure led to a ceasefire at which point 37% of the island had been taken over by the Turks and 180,000 Greek Cypriots were evicted from their homes in the north. At the same time, around 50,000 Turkish Cypriots moved to the areas under the control of the Turkish Forces and settled in the properties of the displaced Greek Cypriots. In mid-1975, the United States Congress amongst a variety of sanctions against Turkey, imposed an arms embargo on Turkey for using American-supplied equipment during the Turkish invasion of Cyprus in 1974 - 46 ] - - . In 1983 Turkish Cypriots proclaimed the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus which is recognised only by Turkey. As of today, there are 1,534 Greek Cypriots - 47 ] - - and 502 Turkish Cypriots - 48 ] - - missing as a result of the fighting. The events of the summer of 1974 dominate the politics on the island, as well as Greco-Turkish relations. Around 150,000 settlers from Turkey are believed to be living in the north in violation of the Geneva Convention and various UN resolutions. - 49 ] - - - 50 ] - - Following the invasion and the capture of its northern territory by Turkish troops, the Republic of Cyprus announced that all of its ports of entry in the north are closed, as they are effectively not under its control. The last major effort to settle the Cyprus dispute was the Annan Plan. It gained the support of the Turkish Cypriots but was rejected by the Greek Cypriots. In July 2006, the island served as a safe haven for people fleeing Lebanon because of the conflict between Israel and Hezbollah. - 51 ] - - In March 2008, a wall that for decades had stood at the boundary between the Greek Cypriot controlled side and the UN buffer zone was demolished. - 52 ] - - The wall had cut across Ledra Street in the heart of Nicosia and was seen as a strong symbol of the island's 32-year division. On 3 April 2008, Ledra Street was reopened in the presence of Greek and Turkish Cypriot officials. - 53 ] - - - Geography Geography of Cyprus / / Topographic image of Cyprus Cyprus is the third largest island in the Mediterranean (after the Italian islands of Sicily and Sardinia) and the world's 81st largest. It measures 240 kilometers long from end to end and 100 km wide at its widest point, with Turkey 75 km to the north. Other neighbouring territories include Syria and Lebanon to the east (105 km and 108 km, respectively), Israel 200 km to the southeast, Egypt 380 km to the south, and Greece to the west-northwest:280 km to the small Dodecanesian island of Kastellórizo (Meyísti), 400 km to Rhodes, and 800 km to the Greek mainland. The physical relief of the island is dominated by two mountain ranges, the Troodos Mountains and the smaller Kyrenia Range, and the central plain they encompass, the Mesaoria. The Troodos Mountains cover most of the southern and western portions of the island and account for roughly half its area. The highest point on Cyprus is Mount Olympus at 1,952 m (6,404.20 ft), located in the center of the Troodos range. The narrow Kyrenia Range, extending along the northern coastline, occupies substantially less area, and elevations are lower, reaching a maximum of 1,024 m (3,359.58 ft). Geopolitically, the island is subdivided into four main segments. The Republic of Cyprus, the internationally recognized government, occupies the southern two-thirds of the island (59.74%). The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus occupies the northern third (34.85%) of the island and is recognized only by Turkey, as it consists of the Turkish-occupied areas. The United Nations-controlled Green Line is a buffer zone that separates the two and covers 2.67% of the island. Lastly, two bases under British sovereignty are located on the island:Akrotiri and Dhekelia, covering the remaining 2.74%. - Climate Cyprus has a Mediterranean climate along the coast and Semi-arid climate around the capital Nicosia with long, hot and dry summers. Winters are relatively mild with rain between mostly December and February. Snow is possible in the Troodos mountains.

Nicosia
Climate chart (explanation
J - F - M - A - M - J - J - A - S - O - N - D
48
15
5
47
16
5
37
19
6
22
24
10
22
30
15
7
34
19
1
37
22
7
37
22
6
34
19
22
28
15
31
22
10
58
17
7
average max. and min. temperatures in °C
precipitation totals in mm
source:World Meteorological Organization