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Iran Phones Iran Find Phones in Iran. Mobile Phones in Iran.

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Iran - Iran News How to dial to Iran? - Find Mobile Phones in Iran - Mobile Codes How to call to Iran? - Dialling Codes of Iran - Dial Code of Iran. Iran Codes Area Codes in Iran? City Codes of Iran. - Prefix of Iran. - How to dial to the cities in Iran? List of City Dial Codes of Iran. Iran Phone Services. Find phones in the cities in Iran. Phone in Iran - Iran Phone Numbers Iran Reverse Lookup. - Where can I find people in Iran? Use the white pages section to find phone numbers, address, names. Locate people in Iran. Search in Iran. Search phone numbers in Iran . Find telephone numbers in the phone guides of Iran. Yellow pages in Iran Yellow pages of Iran. Locate in Iran Business Directory. - Where to search business in Iran? The list of yellow pages in Iran can be used to find more information to locate for business and other professional services. Phone Numbers, Address and more. List with telephone numbers search services to find phone information about people or business. White pages in Iran White pages of Iran. People Find. Where to find people in Iran? How can I find people in Iran? - How can I find people in Iran? Use the list of telephones services to search phone numbers in Iran. : Where to search phones in Iran? - Use the list of mobile services to locate the phone operator and special dial codes for Iran. Maps of Iran Iran - How to dial to Iran? International Dial Codes in Iran, Asia. Iran Coordinates: Map Latitude : 32°N - Longitude : 53°E - 32°N 53°E - 32;53 - - - Islamic Republic of Iran - جمهوری اسلامی ایران
Jomhuri-ye Eslāmi-ye Irān - - Flag - Coat of arms Motto:استقلال. آزادی. جمهوری اسلامی
Independence, Freedom, Islamic Republic Anthem:National Anthem of Iran - (official)
Ey Iran - (De facto)
(Persian:Oh Iran - Capital : (and largest city) - Tehran
Map Latitude : 35°41′N - Longitude : 51°25′E - 35.683°N 51.417°E - 35.683;51.417 - Official language(s) - Persian People : - Iranian Government : - Islamic republic Supreme Leader - Ali Khamenei President : - Mahmoud Ahmadinejad First Vice President : - Mohammad-Reza Rahimi Speaker of the Parliament - Ali Larijani Legislature - Islamic Consultative Assembly Unification - 1 ] - - Median Empire - 625 BC Safavid Empire - 1501 Islamic Republic declared - 1 April 1979 Area Total : 1,648,195 km (18th)
636,372 sq mi)
Water (%) - 0.7 Population estimate in 2009 : 74,196,000 - 3 ] - - (18th 2006 census - 70,495,782 - Density : 45/km (163rd)
116.6/sq mi GDP - Purchasing power parity PPP : estimate in 2009 : Total : $827.858 billion - 4 ] - - Per capita : $11,172 - 4 ] - GDP (nominal) : estimate in 2009 : Total : $330.461 billion - 4 ] - - Per capita : $4,459 - 4 ] - Gini (2008) - 38 - 5 ] - - (medium HDI (2007) - ▼ - 0.782 (medium ) (88th Currency : - Rial ( ريال ) (IRR) Time zone : - IRST - (UTC) +3:30 Summer (DST) - Iran Daylight Time (IRDT) (UTC) +4:30 Drives on the - right Internet Domain name TLD - .ir Calling code + 98 - Bookrags - Iranchamber - Statistical Center of Iran. جمعيت و متوسط رشد سالانه (in Persian). http://www.sci.org.ir/content/userfiles/_sci/sci/SEL/f02/2.1.html - - CIA Factbook Iran (Persian:ایران - ʔiˈɾɒn - (-listen) - ), officially the Islamic Republic of Iran - 6 ] - - , and formerly known internationally as Persia , is a country in Central Eurasia and Western Asia. - 7 ] - - The name Iran has been in use natively since the Sassanian era and came into use internationally in 1935, before which the country was widely known as Persia . Both Persia and Iran are used interchangeably in cultural contexts;however, Iran is the name used officially in political contexts. - 10 ] - - - 11 ] - - The name Iran is a cognate of Aryan , and means "Land of the Aryans". - 12 ] - - - 13 ] - - - 14 ] - - The 18th largest country in the world in terms of area at 1,648,195 km², Iran has a population of over 74 million. - 15 ] - - It is a country of particular geostrategic significance owing to its location in the Middle East and central Eurasia. Iran is bordered on the north by Armenia, Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan. As Iran is a littoral state of the Caspian Sea, which is an inland sea and condominium, Kazakhstan and Russia are also Iran's direct neighbors to the north. Iran is bordered on the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, on the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, on the west by Iraq and on the northwest by Turkey. Tehran is the capital, the country's largest city and the political, cultural, commercial and industrial center of the nation. Iran is a regional power, - 16 ] - - - 17 ] - - and holds an important position in international energy security and world economy as a result of its large reserves of petroleum and natural gas. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest continuous major civilizations. - 18 ] - - - 19 ] - - - 20 ] - - The first Iranian dynasty formed during the Elamite kingdom in 2800 BCE. The Iranian Medes unified Iran into an empire in 625 BCE. - 1 ] - - They were succeeded by the Iranian Achaemenid Empire, the HellenicSeleucid Empire and two subsequent Iranian empires, the Parthians and the Sassanids, before the Muslim conquest in 651 CE. Iranian post-Islamic dynasties and empires expanded the Persian language and culture throughout the Iranian plateau. Early Iranian dynasties which re-asserted Iranian independence included the Tahirids, Saffarids, Samanids and Buyids. The blossoming of Persian literature, philosophy, medicine, astronomy, mathematics and art became major elements of Muslim civilization and started with the Saffarids and Samanids. Iran was once again reunified as an independent state in 1501 by the Safavid dynasty - —who promoted TwelverShi'a Islam - 21 ] - - as the official religion of their empire, marking one of the most important turning points in the history of Islam. - 22 ] - - Persia's Constitutional Revolution established the nation's first parliament in 1906, within a constitutional monarchy. Iran officially became an Islamic republic on 1 April 1979, following the Iranian Revolution. - 23 ] - - - 24 ] - - Iran is a founding member of the UN, NAM, OIC and OPEC. The political system of Iran, based on the 1979 constitution, comprises several intricately connected governing bodies. The highest state authority is the Supreme Leader. Shia Islam is the official religion and Persian is the official language. - 25 ] - - 1 - Name - 2 - Geography and climate - 2.1 - Fauna - 2.2 - Provinces and cities - 3 - History - 3.1 - Pre-Historic era - 3.2 - Early history (3200 BCE – 625 BCE) - 3.3 - Pre-Islamic statehood (625 BCE – 651 CE) - 3.4 - Middle Ages (652–1501) - 3.5 - Early modern era (1501–1921) - 3.6 - Recent history (1921–present) - 3.6.1 - Iranian Revolution - 4 - Government and politics - 5 - Foreign relations and military - 6 - Economy - 6.1 - Energy - 7 - Demography - 8 - Culture - 8.1 - Language and literature - 8.2 - Art and architecture - 9 - Science and technology - 10 - Sports - 11 - See also - 12 - References - 13 - Further reading - 14 - Name Iran (word) and Name of Iran The term Iran (ایران) in modern Persian derives from the Proto-Iranian term Aryānā, first attested in Zoroastrianism's Avesta tradition. - 26 ] - - Ariya- and Airiia- are also attested as an ethnic designator in Achaemenid inscriptions. The term Ērān , from Middle Persian Ērān (written as ʼyrʼn ) is found on the inscription that accompanies the investiture relief of Ardashir I at Naqsh-e Rustam. - 27 ] - - In this inscription, the king's appellation in Middle Persian contains the term ērān (Pahlavi ʼryʼn ), while in the Parthian language inscription that accompanies it, the term aryān describes Iran. In Ardeshir's time, ērān retained this meaning, denoting the people rather than the state . Notwithstanding this inscriptional use of ērān to refer to the Iranian peoples, the use of ērān to refer to the geographical empire is also attested in the early Sassanid period. An inscription relating to Shapur I, Ardashir's son and immediate successor, includes regions which were not inhabited primarily by Iranians in Ērān regions, such as Armenia and the Caucasus." - 28 ] - - In Kartir's inscriptions the high priest includes the same regions in his list of provinces of the antonymic Anērān . - 28 ] - - Both ērān and aryān come from the Proto-Iranian term Aryānām , (Land) of the (Iranian) Aryas. The word and concept of Airyanem Vaejah is present in the name of the country Iran (Lit. Land of the Aryans) inasmuch as Iran (Ērān ) is the modern Persian form of the word Aryānā . Since the Sassanian era the country has been known to its own people as Iran;however, to the western world, the official name of Iran from the 6th century BCE until 1935 was Persia or similar foreign language translations (La Perse , Persien , Perzie , etc.). - 10 ] - - In that year, Reza Shah asked the international community to call the country by the name "Iran". A few years later, some Persian scholars protested to the government that changing the name had separated the country from its past, so in 1949 - 10 ] - - - 11 ] - - Mohammad Reza Shah announced that both terms could officially be used interchangeably. Now both terms are common, but "Iran" is used mostly in the modern political context and "Persia" in a cultural and historical context. Since the Iranian Revolution of 1979, the official name of the country has been the "Islamic Republic of Iran."

Geography and climate Geography of Iran Agriculture in Iran and Wildlife of Iran - Mount Damavand, Iran's highest point, is located in Mazanderan. - Eurasian Lynx
- Simplified Climatic Map of Iran - Caspian Mild - - Mountains - - Desert and Semi-Desert Iran is the eighteenth largest country in the world, - 29 ] - - with an area of 1,648,000 km (636,000 sq mi). - 30 ] - - Its area roughly equals that of the United Kingdom, France, Spain, and Germany combined, or somewhat more than the US state of Alaska. Its borders are with Azerbaijan (432 km/268 mi) and Armenia (35 km/22 mi) to the north-west;the Caspian Sea to the north;Turkmenistan (992 km/616 mi) to the north-east;Pakistan (909 km/565 mi) and Afghanistan (936 km/582 mi) to the east;Turkey (499 km/310 mi) and Iraq (1,458 km/906 mi) to the west;and finally the waters of the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman to the south. Iran consists of the Iranian Plateau with the exception of the coasts of the Caspian Sea and Khuzestan. It is one of the world's most mountainous countries, its landscape dominated by rugged mountain ranges that separate various basins or plateaux from one another. The populous western part is the most mountainous, with ranges such as the Caucasus, Zagros and Alborz Mountains;the last contains Iran's highest point, Mount Damavand at 5,610 m (18,406 ft), which is not only the country's highest peak but also the highest mountain on the Eurasian landmass west of the Hindu Kush. The Northern part of Iran is covered by dense rain forests called Shomal or the Jungles of Iran. The eastern part consists mostly of desert basins such as the Dasht-e Kavir, Iran's largest desert, in the north-central portion of the country, and the Dasht-e Lut, in the east, as well as some salt lakes. This is because the mountain ranges are too high for rain clouds to reach these regions. The only large plains are found along the coast of the Caspian Sea and at the northern end of the Persian Gulf, where Iran borders the mouth of the Shatt al-Arab (or the Arvand Rūd) river. Smaller, discontinuous plains are found along the remaining coast of the Persian Gulf, the Strait of Hormuz and the Sea of Oman. Iran's climate ranges from arid or semiarid, to subtropical along the Caspian coast and the northern forests. On the northern edge of the country (the Caspian coastal plain) temperatures rarely fall below freezing and the area remains humid for the rest of the year. Summer temperatures rarely exceed 29 °C (84.2 °F). - 33 ] - - - 34 ] - - Annual precipitation is 680 mm (26.8 in) in the eastern part of the pla - more than 1,700 mm (66.9 in) in the western part. To the west, settlements in the Zagros basin experience lower temperatures, severe winters with below zero average daily temperatures and heavy snowfall. The eastern and central basins are arid, with less than 200 mm (7.9 in) of rain, and have occasional deserts. - 34 ] - - Average summer temperatures exceed 38 °C (100.4 °F). The coastal plains of the Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman in southern Iran have mild winters, and very humid and hot summers. The annual precipitation ranges from 135 to 355 mm (5.3 to 14.0 in). - 34 ] - -

Fauna Iran's wildlife is composed of several animal species including bears, gazelles, wild pigs, wolves, jackals, panthers, Eurasian lynx, and foxes. Domestic animals include, sheep, goats, cattle, horses, water buffalo, donkeys, and camels. The pheasant, partridge, stork, eagles and falcon are also native to Iran.

Provinces and cities Provinces of Iran and Counties of Iran List of Iran cities by population
and Bakhtiari
Kohgiluyeh and
Sistan and
Iran is divided into thirty provinces (ostān ), each governed by an appointed governor (استاندار, ostāndār). The provinces are divided into counties (shahrestān ), and subdivided into districts (bakhsh ) and sub-districts (dehestān ). Iran has one of the highest urban growth rates in the world. From 1950 to 2002, the urban proportion of the population increased from 27% to 60%. - 35 ] - - The United Nations predicts that by 2030, 80% of the population will be urban. - 36 ] - - Most internal migrants have settled near the cities of Tehran, Isfahan, Ahvaz, and Qom. The listed populations are from the 2006/07 (1385 AP) census. - 37 ] - - Tehran, with a population of 7,705,036, is the largest city in Iran and is the Capital. Tehran is home to around 11% of Iran's population. Tehran, like many big cities, suffers from severe air pollution. It is the hub of the country's communication and transport network. Mashhad, with a population of 2,410,800, is the second largest Iranian city and the centre of the province of Razavi Khorasan. Mashhad is one of the holiest Shi'a cities in the world as it is the site of the Imam Reza shrine. It is the centre of tourism in Iran and between 15 and 20 million pilgrims go to the Imam Reza's shrine every year. - 38 ] - - - 39 ] - - Another major Iranian city is Isfahan (population 1,583,609), which is the capital of Isfahan Province. The Naghsh-e Jahan Square in Isfahan has been designated by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. The city contains a wide variety of Islamic architectural sites ranging from the eleventh to the 19th century. The growth of the suburban area around the city has turned Isfahan into Iran's second most populous metropolitan area (3,430,353). - 40 ] - - The fourth major city of Iran is Tabriz (population 1,378,935), the capital of the East Azerbaijan provience. It is also the second industrial city of Iran after Tehran. Tabriz had been the second largest city in Iran until the late 1960s and one of its former capitals and residence of the crown prince under the Qajar dynasty. The city has proven extremely influential in the country’s recent history. The fifth major city is Karaj (population 1,377,450), located in Tehran province and situated 20 km west of Tehran, at the foot of the Alborz mountains;however, the city is increasingly becoming an extension of metropolitan Tehran. The sixth major Iranian city is Shiraz (population 1,214,808);it is the capital of Fars Province. The Elamite civilization to the west greatly influenced the area which soon came to be known as Persis. The ancient Persians were present in the region from about the 9th century BC, and became rulers of a large empire under the Achaemenid dynasty in the 6th century BC. The ruins of Persepolis and Pasargadae, two of the four capitals of the Achaemenid Empire, are located in or near Shiraz. Persepolis was the ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid Empire and is situated 70 km - northeast of modern Shiraz. UNESCO declared the citadel of Persepolis as a World Heritage Site in 1979.

Cities by population


Rank City Province Population in 2006 Rank City Province Population in 2006 view - - talk - - Tabriz
1 - Tehran - Tehran - 7,705,036 - 10 - Urmia - West Azerbaijan - 583,255 2 - Mashhad - Razavi Khorasan - 2,427,316 - 11 - Zahedan - Sistan and Baluchestan - 552,706 3 - Isfahan - Isfahan - 1,602,110 - 12 - Rasht - Gilan - 551,161 4 - Tabriz - East Azerbaijan - 1,398,060 - 13 - Kerman - Kerman - 496,684 5 - Karaj - Alborz - 1,377,450 - 14 - Hamedan - Hamedan - 473,149 6 - Shiraz - Fars - 1,227,311 - 15 - Arak - Markazi - 438,338 7 - Ahvaz - Khuzestan - 969,843 - 16 - Yazd - Yazd - 423,006 8 - Qom - Qom - 951,918 - 17 - Ardabil - Ardabil - 412,669 9 - Kermanshah - Kermanshah - 784,602 - 18 - Bandar Abbas - Hormozgan - 367,508 History History of Iran

Pre-Historic era