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Calling code + 995
Internet domain name for the country (TLD) .ge
Georgia (country) - Sakartvelo - საქართველო - Georgia
 - Flag of Georgia
Coat of arms of Georgia
Motto :Dzala ertobashia (ძალა ერთობაშია) (English : Strength is in Unity)
National Anthem : Tavisupleba (თავისუფლება) (English : Freedom)
Capital : (and largest city) - Tbilisi
Map Latitude : 41°43′N - Longitude : 44°47′E - 41.717°N 44.783°E - 41.717;44.783 -
Official language(s) : Georgian
Ethnic groups : 83.8% Georgians, 6.5% Azeri, 5.7% Armenians, 1.5% Russian, 2.5% other
People : - Georgian,
Government : - Unitary semi-presidential republic
President : Mikheil Saakashvili
Prime Minister : - Nikoloz Gilauri
Area Total : 69,700 km2 (120th) - 26,916 (sq mi)
GeoStat Statistics of Georgia
Population : 2010 estimate - 4,436,400 (122nd - Density : 61.1/km (134th) 158.2/sq mi
GDP - Purchasing power parity PPP : estimate in 2009 : Total : $20.862 billion - Per capita : $4,757
GDP (nominal) : estimate in 2009 : Total : $10.737 billion - Per capita : $2,448
Human Development Index (HDI) (2007) - 0.778 ( medium 89th)
Currency : Lari (ლ) (GEL)
Time zone : UTC - (UTC) +4
Summer (DST) - not observed (UTC) +4
Drives on the - right
Georgian Statehood
Caucasian Iberia
Unified Georgian Kingdom
Partitions or Kingdom
Kingdom of Tao-Klarjeti
Kingdom of Abkhazia
Kingdom of Hereti
Kingdom of Kakheti
Kingdom of Kartli
Kingdom of Imereti
Democratic Republic of Georgia
Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic SSR
Georgia statehood
Georgia (Georgian :საქართველო ) is a sovereign state in the Caucasus region of Europe. Situated at the juncture of Eastern Europe and Western Asia, - it is bounded to the west by the Black Sea, to the north by Russia, to the south by Turkey and Armenia, and to the east by Azerbaijan. Georgia covers a territory of 69,700 km² and its population is 4.436 million.
The history of Georgia can be traced back to the ancient kingdoms of Colchis and Iberia, and it was one of the first countries to adopt Christianity, in the 4th century. Georgia reached the peak of its political and economic strength during the reign of King David and Queen Tamar in 11th and 12th century. At the beginning of the 19th century, Georgia was annexed by the Russian Empire.
- After a brief period of independence following the Russian Revolution of 1917, Georgia was annexed by Russian red army in 1921 and in 1922 Georgia was incorporated into the Soviet Union.
The independence of Georgia was restored in 1991. Like many post-communist countries, Georgia suffered from the economic crisis and civil unrest during the 1990s. After the Rose Revolution, the new political leadership introduced democratic reforms - but the foreign investment and economic growth which followed initially have slackened substantially since.
Georgia's constitution is that of a representative democracy (though Freedom House has stated that the country is "not an elective democracy" — a claim disputed by the Georgian authorities), organized as a unitary, semi-presidential republic. It is currently a member of the United Nations, the Council of Europe, the World Trade Organization, the Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), the Community of Democratic Choice, the GUAM Organization for Democracy and Economic Development, and the Asian Development Bank. The country aspires to join NATO and the European Union. As an OSCE participating State, Georgia’s international commitments are subject to monitoring under the mandate of the U.S. Helsinki Commission.
In August 2008, Georgia engaged in an armed conflict with Russia and separatist groups from South Ossetia. In the aftermath of the war, Russia recognized South Ossetia and Abkhazia as independent states, but at present only Nauru, Nicaragua, the de facto independent republic of Transnistria, and Venezuela have followed suit. On August 28, 2008, the Parliament of Georgia passed a resolution declaring Abkhazia and South Ossetia "Russian-occupied territories".
- Etymology and people
Name of Georgia
St George patron saint of Georgia. According to some the country is called Georgia because the Georgians especially revere Saint George. 15th century cloisonné enamel on gold. (National Art Museum of Georgia
Ethnic Georgians call themselves Kartvelebi (ქართველები), their land Sakartvelo (საქართველო - meaning "a place for Kartvelians"), and their language Kartuli (ქართული). According to the ancient Georgian Chronicles, the ancestor of the Kartvelian people was Kartlos, the great grandson of the Biblical Japheth.
The name Sakartvelo (საქართველო) consists of two parts. Its root, kartvel-i (ქართველ-ი), specifies an inhabitant of the core central-eastern Georgian region of Kartli - Iberia of the Classical and Byzantine sources.
Ancient Greeks (Strabo, Herodotus, Plutarch, Homer, etc.) and Romans (Titus Livius, Cornelius Tacitus, etc.) referred to early eastern Georgians as Iberians (Iberoi in some Greek sources) and western Georgians as Colchians.
In Khazbegi mountains, Northern Georgia, Khokh Range
Mountains are the dominant geographic feature of Georgia.
The highest mountain in Georgia is Mount Shkhara at 5,201 meters (17,064 ft), and the second highest is Mount Janga (Jangi-Tau) at 5,051 meters (16,572 ft) above sea level. Other prominent peaks include Kazbegi (Kazbek) at 5,074 meters (16,647 ft), Tetnuldi (4,974 meters / 16,319 feet), Shota Rustaveli (4,960 meters / 16,273 feet), Mt. Ushba (4,710 meters / 15,453 feet), and Ailama (4,525 meters / 14,846 feet). Out of the abovementioned peaks, only Kazbegi is of volcanic origin. The region between Kazbegi and Shkhara (a distance of about 200 km (124 mi) along the Main Caucasus Range) is dominated by numerous glaciers. Out of the 2,100 glaciers that exist in the Caucasus today, approximately 30% are located within Georgia.
Map of Georgia with the autonomous republics of Abkhazia (de facto independent) and Adjara, and South Ossetia (de facto independent region, officially termed Tskhinvali region by the Georgian authorities
Georgia is divided into 9 regions and 2 autonomous republics. These in turn are subdivided into 69 districts.
- Main cities
The main cities of Georgia include:
Tbilisi 1,066,100 (metro area 1,270,800
Kutaisi 186,300
Batumi 121,806
Rustavi 116,384
Zugdidi 75,550
Gori 49,500
Poti 47,150
Akhaltsikhe, 46,134
Sukhumi 43,700 (de facto part of Abkhazia
Samtredia 29,700
Senaki 28,082
Telavi 21,800
- Regions
Regions of Georgia
Abkhazia (autonomous republic
Adjara (autonomous republic
Kvemo Kartli
Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti
Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti
Shida Kartli
- Autonomous republics
Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia and Autonomous Republic of Adjara
As of 2010, the status of South Ossetia, an autonomous administrative district (also known as the Tskhinvali region), is being negotiated with the Russian-supported separatist government. Recently,when? ] these negotiations have broken down in light of Russia's decision to reinforce the region militarily and give Russian passports to South Ossetians. The government of Georgia has expressed that it views these moves as attempts by Russia to annex the region effectively.
The Georgian government levels the same criticism against Russian involvement in Abkhazia, another breakaway region;Abkhazia has the status of an autonomous republic, but operates as a de facto state. This condition follows the ethnic cleansing of at least 200,000 Georgians in the War in Abkhazia in 1992-1993. Adjara gained autonomy unilaterally under local strongman Aslan Abashidze with help from a Russian military brigade located on a base in Adjara. Current Georgian president Mikheil Saakashvili restored the region to Georgian control after a local uprising against Abashidze's perceived corruption.
- Government and politics
Politics of Georgia (country)
Official Residence and Principal Workplace of the President of Georgia
Parliament of Georgia
Georgia is a democratic semi-presidential republic, with the President : as the head of state, and Prime Minister as the head of government.
The executive branch of power is made up of the President : and the Cabinet of Georgia. The Cabinet is composed of ministers, headed by the Prime Minister : , and appointed by the President. Notably, the ministers of defense and interior are not members of the Cabinet and are subordinated directly to the President of Georgia.
Mikheil Saakashvili is the current President of Georgia after winning 53.47% of the vote in the 2008 election. Since February 6, 2009 Nikoloz Gilauri has been the prime minister of Georgia.
Legislative authority is vested in the Parliament of Georgia. It is unicameral and has 150 members, known as deputies, from which 75 members are proportional representatives and 75 are elected through single-member district plurality system, representing their constituencies. Members of parliament are elected for 4 four-year term.
Five parties and electoral blocs had representatives elected to the parliament in the 2008 elections :the United National Movement (governing party), The Joint Opposition, the Christian-Democrats, the Labour Party and Republican Party.
Despite considerable progress made since the Rose revolution, Georgia is still not a full-fledged democracy. - The political system remains in the process of transition, with frequent adjustments to the balance of power between the President and Parliament, and proposals ranging from transforming the country into parliamentary republic to re-establishing the monarchy. - - Observers note the deficit of trust in relations between the Government and the opposition. -
Different opinions exist regarding the degree of political freedom in Georgia. President Saakashvili believes that the country is essentially free, - many opposition leaders claim that Georgia is a dictatorship, and Freedom House puts Georgia in the group of partly free countries, along with countries like Turkey, Venezuela and Bosnia.
Russia, Georgia strike deal on bases". Civil Georgia, Tbilisi. May 30, 2005. - . -
Russia Hands Over Batumi Military Base to Georgia". Civil Georgia, Tbilisi. November 13, 2007. -.
Resolution of the Parliament of Georgia declaring Abkhazia and South Ossetia occupied territories, 28 August 2008.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Georgia - Oriental Republic of Uruguay". -.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Georgia - Visa Information for Foreign Citizens". 2009-04-30. -.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Georgia - Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka". -.
U.S. Announces New Military Assistance Program for Georgia". Civil.Ge. 2001-07-01. -.
EU, Georgia Sign ENP Action Plan, Civil Georgia , October 2, 2006.
World Development Indicators 2008, The World Bank. Data on composition of GDP is available at
IMF Mission Press Statement at the Conclusion of a Staff Visit to Georgia. June 1, 2007.
Central Bank Chief Reports on Inflation. Civil Georgia, Tbilisi. 2007-05-10.
Frequently Asked Questions:I.Macroeconomic Environment,
High education institutions. National Tempus Office Georgia.
Georgia at a glance. World Bank. 2007-07-28.
President of Georgia
Government of Georgia
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Georgia
Department of Tourism and Resorts
American Chamber of Commerce in Georgia
Chief of State and Cabinet Members
General information
Georgia entry at The World Factbook
Georgia at UCB Libraries GovPubs
Georgia (country) at the Open Directory Project
Wikimedia Atlas of Georgia
Topographic Maps from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
Association of Modern Scientific Investigation - (AMSI)
Publishing and National Bibliography in Georgia from the University of Illinois Slavic and East European Library
News media, South Caucasus online magazine
Civil Georgia, daily news about Georgia
Crisis profile, Georgia, Abkhazia, S. Ossetia From Reuters Alertnet
Georgian Daily, all the latest news from Georgia and related to Georgia
NewsGeorgia Google Translation in to English from the NewsGeorgia (Russian Language) site online info Magazine dedicated to Georgia and Caucasus]
Georgia (country) travel guide from Wikitravel
Articles Related to Georgia -
Internal -
v - - d - - e -
Administrative divisions of Georgia
Autonomous republics - - Abkhazia
Outline of Georgia
Flag of Georgia -
Regions -


Imereti 2
Kvemo Kartli
Mtskheta-Mtianeti 2
Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti 2
Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti
Shida Kartli - 2
City with special status - - Tbilisi (capital
Now constitutes the Republic of Abkhazia the independence of which has been recognised by Russia, Nicaragua, Venezuela and Nauru.
Parts of these regions constitute the Republic of South Ossetia, the independence of which has been recognised by Russia, Nicaragua, Venezuela and Nauru.
v - - d - - e -
Historical regions of Georgia -
Flag of Georgia
- - - -
History of Georgia Country Formation
Kingdom of Georgia : 1008
Democratic Republic of Georgia : May 26, 1918
Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic : February 25, 1921
Independence from the Soviet Union Declared April 9, 1991 - Finalized December 25, 1991-
General Information and Updated References Georgia_(country) General Information and Updated References
Phones in Georgia Search a mobile in the phone companies and stores. GE Phone Book and Yellow Pages. List by City, Name, Number, Company. Internet Services and WebSites. 995 Code for international phone calls, whatsapp and text messages. GEO 

Covid in Georgia

Coronavirus covid-19 in Georgia, Cases 1,325,838, Deaths 15,246, Rate (1.15%), Date 2022-02-08 04:21:15 - Map of Coronavirus in the World. Total 393,934,458 cases of COVID-19 and 5,722,382 deaths. Updated information by country. Source : national health authorities and World Health Organization (WHO). 2022-02-08 04:21:15


Symptoms of the coronavirus disease : fever, dry cough, difficulty breathing, headache, slight runny nose, shortness of breath. If you have these symptoms, seek medical care to check your condition. Circulatory system : decreased white blood cells. Kidneys : decreased function.
Coronavirus in Basic protective measures against the new coronavirus COVID-19 outbreak.
How to take care of your health and protect others ?
Wash your hands frequently and regularly with soap and water. Keep your hands clean with an alcohol-based hand rub. Washing your hands kills viruses that may be there.  -
Avoid touching eyes, nose, mouth and face. Because hands touch many surfaces and can get contaminated with viruses and transfer it to your eyes, nose or mouth. And the virus can enter your body and can make you sick.
Covering your mouth and nose with a tissue or your bent elbow, when you cough or sneeze, and dispose of the used tissue immediately.
Safe greetings and handshaking.
Maintain social distancing at least 1 metre (3 feet) distance between yourself and anyone else who is coughing or sneezing. When people coughs or sneezes can spray small liquid droplets from their nose or mouth which may contain virus.
Good respiratory hygiene. Protect the people around you from viruses such as cold, flu and COVID-19.
Stay home if you have a fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical attention only if required, to protect you and help prevent spread of viruses and other infections.
Avoid contact with others and visits to medical facilities.
Stay aware of the latest information with official sources from the national and local public health authority.
Avoid to travel to prevent possible spread of COVID-19 and other viruses.
Avoid spitting in public places.
Protect yourself and others from getting sick
Practice food safety.
Stay healthy with good nutrition.
There are some vaccines and medicines recommended to prevent or treat the covid.
Situation Dashboard. Official Report of Cases by Country. Information and Videos on Social Networks : Youtube Facebook Twitter Instagram Linkedin
How to protect yourself and others agaist Coronavirus ?
What is COVID ? Covid means Coronavirus Disease.
The first cases of this virus was detected win Wuhan, China, but in few months was found in most of the countries. Check the total of cases and deaths by country and state.
Medical supplies recommended to protect themselves and others. Used by health personal : Hand sanitizer, gloves, masks, gowns, goggles.
Map of Covid-19 Coronavirus pandemic - Source : WHO. World Health Organization. Technical Guidance and Global research. Alert. See updated information by country.
- Covid-19, Casos y Muertes, Medidas de Salud. Teléfonos de Información. Datos Actualizados.
Georgia : Abashis Raioni, Abkhazia, Adigenis Raioni, Ajaria, Akhalgoris Raioni, Akhalkalakis Raioni, Akhaltsikhis Raioni, Akhmetis Raioni, Ambrolauris Raioni, Aspindzis Raioni, Baghdatis Raioni, Bolnisis Raioni, Borjomis Raioni, Chiatura, Chkhorotsqus Raioni, Chokhatauris Raioni, Dedoplistsqaros Raioni, Dmanisis Raioni, Dushetis Raioni, Gardabanis Raioni, Gori, Goris Raioni, Gurjaanis Raioni, Javis Raioni, Karelis Raioni, Kaspis Raioni, Kharagaulis Raioni, Khashuris Raioni, Khobis Raioni, Khonis Raioni, Kutaisi, Lagodekhis Raioni, Lanchkhutis Raioni, Lentekhis Raioni, Marneulis Raioni, Martvilis Raioni, Mestiis Raioni, Mtskhetis Raioni, Ninotsmindis Raioni, Onis Raioni, Ozurgetis Raioni, Poti, Qazbegis Raioni, Qvarlis Raioni, Rustavi, Sachkheris Raioni, Sagarejos Raioni, Samtrediis Raioni, Senakis Raioni, Sighnaghis Raioni, Tbilisi, Telavis Raioni, Terjolis Raioni, Tetritsqaros Raioni, Tianetis Raioni, Tqibuli, Tsageris Raioni, Tsalenjikhis Raioni, Tsalkis Raioni, Tsqaltubo, Vanis Raioni, Zestaponis Raioni, Zugdidi, Zugdidis Raioni
Elections in Georgia - Electoral and Voters Information.
Georgia Government
Institutions Georgia. Online Services
Georgia Maps
Map of Georgia
Georgia Find Phones
Mobile Phone in Georgia - Phone Numbers. Telephone Guide
Georgia - Find more information and details
Search Georgia :
Find Phones in Georgia. Mobile Phone Companies. Phone Numbers. Internet Guide.
How can I find people in Georgia? Use the list of telephones services to search phone numbers in Georgia. -
Where to search mobile phone numbers in Georgia? - Use the list of mobile services to locate the phone operator and special dial codes of Georgia.
Where to find the area codes for the cities in Georgia? The directory includes a list of City Dial Codes for Georgia. Use the Georgia phone services to find more information for the cities in Georgia.
Where to find white pages in Georgia? Use the white pages section to find free information about people. Find phone numbers, address, names and other information very helpful to locate people.
Where can I search business in Georgia? The yellow pages of Georgia can be used to Locate for business and other professional services. Phone Numbers, Address and more. - List with telephone numbers to find phone information about people or business.
Phones Georgia 2023
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Widespread Pineland phone outage impacting calls in some Southeast Georgia counties WSAV-TV
How People Use (Forbidden) Cell Phones in Prisons The Marshall Project